Grantees were asked to indicate whether they had received any of the following fourteen types of assistance provided directly or paid for by the Foundation.
|Management Assistance||Field-Related Assistance||Other Assistance|
|General management advice||Encouraged/facilitated collaboration||Board development/governance assistance|
|Strategic planning advice||Insight and advice on your field||Information technology assistance|
|Financial planning/accounting||Introductions to leaders in field||Communications/marketing/publicity assistance|
|Development of performance measures||Provided research or best practices||Use of Foundation facilities|
|Provided seminars/forums/convenings||Staff/management training|
Based on their responses, CEP categorized grantees by the pattern of assistance they received. CEP’s analysis shows that providing three or fewer assistance activities is often ineffective; it is only when grantees receive one of the two intensive patterns of assistance described below that they have a substantially more positive experience compared to grantees receiving no assistance.